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2nd International Course

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2nd International Course



Venue: Veterinary  Auditorium South Core; University of Agriculture Makurdi

Click Here to Register Now        


The provision of adequate and affordable food for all is the fundamental basis for food security. Although there is remarkable progress made in increasing food production worldwide, approximately half of the population in developing countries does not have access to adequate food supplies for the fast growing population; thus the food security problem is worsening. There are many reasons for this, one of which is food losses occurring throughout the supply chain from production, post-harvest, processing and marketing. In its recent report “Global food losses and food waste” the FAO suggests that roughly one-third of food production for human consumption is lost or wasted globally, which amounts to about 1.3 billion tons per year. Evidence suggests that these losses tend to be highest in those countries where the need for food is greatest.

It has been estimated that at least 10 percent of the Africa’s crop productivity is lost on and off farm. Post-harvest losses can be 20% in grains, 30% in tubers and 40% in fruits and vegetables. Pre and post-harvest crop losses in African countries are higher than the global average and impact more severely on already endangered livelihood. The established monetary value of annual quantitative postharvest losses in Africa is estimated at $48 billion (AFDB, 2010). This does not include qualitative post-harvest losses even though they result in reduced market value of commodities and the loss of market opportunities. Taking steps to reduce postharvest losses and in the food chain and presenting food materials in acceptable form for local and international trade forms the general objective of this course


·         Provide basic scientific knowledge, principles and concepts of Good Production Practices/Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), postharvest, food preservation, packaging, and quality Control

·         Enhance knowledge and understanding of how ·to select appropriate postharvest technology to ensure food security

·         Upgrade capacities in transferring postharvest technology to the needed party

·         Promote collaboration, marketing, communication and foster a professional network among participants

·         Provide platform for hands-on experience.



Ø  Role of postharvest technology in economic development and agri-food business

Ø  Trade regulations and policy/ Pre-harvest/GAP management

Ø  Development of export and shipping protocols

Ø  Quality management systems including inspection services and phytosanitary issues

Ø  Assessment and reduction of postharvest (quantitative & qualitative) losses

Ø  Maturity assessment and harvest management

Ø  Product quality/ safety: meaning, measurement, maintenance

Ø  Handling systems and reduction of physical damage

Ø  Postharvest pest and disease management

Ø  Postharvest Management of Grains

Ø  Postharvest Management of Fresh Products (Fruits and Vegetables, Roots and Tubers)

Ø  Postharvest Management of Fish


 Practical session on assessing and quantifying postharvest losses and waste

 Practical session on assessing maturity (readiness to harvest)

 Practical session on measuring and analysing product quality

 Practical session on measuring and analysing physical damage (such as bruising)

 Practical session on maintaining the cold chain

 Practical session on analysing packaging performance

 Practical session on pest and disease management


On completion of this course, participants should have:

§     basic competence in issues of postharvest management

§     knowledge to identify postharvest challenges and appropriate mitigating strategies

§        understanding of the principles of maturity, qualitative and quantitative loss assessments

§        knowledge to use novel technologies in postharvest  management

§        the tools necessary to reduce damage, measure and predict quality and safety of food  products






This training course is mainly designed for anyone involved in the food chain from production to consumption, including:  new product developers, quality assurance staff, production personnel, plant managers and supervisors, engineers, purchasing agents, suppliers, technical sales representative for developing a high quality based food products. Participants will include:

·         Food Regulatory agencies

·         Universities

·         Research institutes

·         Extension workers

·         Agricultural Officers

·         NGOs

·         Industries


Course fees is N100, 000.00



Bank: Stanbic/IBTC

Acc. Name: UAM IFS

Acc. No: 9201333437



1.    Professor Linus U. Opara


Professor Linus U. Opara is a Research Professor & South African Research Chair in Postharvest Technology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. He has over 17 years experience in teaching, conducting world class research and supervising projects related to postharvest technology. Professor Opara has over 80 scholarly publications relating to postharvest technology and 150 oral presentations. He worked in New Zealand (1995-2002) as Program Director of Engineering Technology, Inst of Tech & Eng’g, Massey University and Senior Lecturer in Postharvest Engineering. In 2000-2002 he worked with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations as visiting expert on postharvest technology in Rome. In 2002-2008 he was Assistant Dean for Postgraduate Studies & Research, College of Agric & Marine Sciences & Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman. He is currently the Chair, Postharvest Technology Stellenbosch University South Africa  and aMember of the South African Postharvest Innovation Fund Management Unit, Member of International Advisory Committee on Science &Technology for Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Agricultural and Rural Development, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), Brussels and Member of the International Advisory Committee of Horticultural Collaborative Research Support Program (HORT CRSP), USA and Chair of Postharvest Technology & Process Engineering (Section VI) of the International Commission on Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering (CIGR). Professor Opara has received several academic international awards


Prof. Umezuruike Linus Ọpara, PhD CEng CFS M.I.Pkg(SA)

Research Professor &

Faculty of AgriSciences, Stellenbosch University

Private Bag X1, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa

Ph: +27 (0)21 808 4064; Fax: +27 (0)21 808 3743

Email: opara@sun.ac.za and umunam@yahoo.co.uk



2.    Dr Mduduzi Ngcobo


Dr Mduduzi Ngcobo graduated with BSc degree in Crop Science from the University of KwaZulu Natal, MSc in Agriculture (Horticultural Science) and PhD (Agric) in postharvest technology from Stellenbosch University. He has extensive experience in the postharvest industry and research. He has worked for Dole South Africa in SA where he held different technical positions and although based in South Africa, he worked in Namibia and Egypt as Assistant Technical Manager. While working at Dole SA, he was seconded to Dole Europe where he based in Rotterdam working with the quality team doing postharvest quality inspections of the different imported fruits from production countries around the globe.  Dr Ngcobo is currently the Research & Innovation Manager at the South African Perishable Products Export Control Board. His expertise include packaging technology of fresh fruit, optimization of storage requirement, development of export and shipping protocols, quality management systems including inspection services and phytosanitary issues, as well as trade regulations and policy matters. He has firsthand experience about the South African postharvest innovation system and serves on the Management Board of the South African Postharvest Innovation (PHI) programme. He has published peer-reviewed articles in international journals on various aspects of packaging and postharvest quality management of fresh produce. Dr Ngcobo is also serving as an external examiner for different postharvest module at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, and examines both MSc and PhD theses for the Stellenbosch University. He is an appointed member of the Postharvest Technical Advisory Committee for the Deciduous Fruit Industry association responsible for all research and technical matters related for the deciduous fruit industry in South Africa.

Dr. Mduduzi Ngcobo (PhD), Pr. Sci. Nat.

Manager:  Research and Innovation

Perishable Products Export Control Board (PPECB)

Tel: + 27 (0) 21 930 1134

Fax: + 27 (0) 86 763 4416

Mobile: + 27 (0) 82 839 2431

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