Even though over 50 percent of the world’s livestock population is found in the tropics, animal protein consumption rate is abysmally low and short of recommended levels. Malnutrition is common in these regions in the face of increasing human populations and associated increase in the cost of animal products. Animal productivity is generally low in the humid tropics due to the fact that the abundant animal genetic resources – the tropical breeds in the various species are generally unimproved.
The success of the livestock industry in the humid tropics especially in Nigeria is highly dependent on a proper understanding of the genetics and physiology of the tropical breeds of livestock and their interaction with their native environment, described often as “harsh”; as well as the application of modern advances in animal breeding and physiology to improve these animals. These techniques will bring about the maximization of growth, reproductive efficiency and productivity as well as profitability. Local farmers will also benefit from such improvement programmes.
With the need to promote sound basic scientific training, promote and emphasize teaching, research and extension as part of the objectives, mission and mandate of our University, a separate Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology was created in 2005 to meet the challenges in modern animal agriculture.
Prof. N.I. Dim
B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D, Dsc (Sweden)
Head of Department